How do I cite the Bible? Identify the version you used in the first citation of the paper's narrative. Example: (2 Cor. 5:17 New International Version). You do not need to identify the version in subsequent references unless you switch to a different version. (2 Cor. 5:17). According to the APA Publication Manual, reference entries are not needed for the Bible and other major classical works on the References page.
Personal Communication: For interviews, letters, e-mails, and other person-to-person communication, cite the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. Do not include personal communication in the reference list on the References page.
(E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2001).
A. P. Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style (personal communication, November 3, 2002).
Self Plagiarism: Many students believe that they can use their previous work in any manner they wish. This is not necessarily true. According to the APA 6th Edition Publication Manual, self-plagiarism (also known as recycling fraud or autoplagiarism) is the reuse of significant, identical, or nearly identical portions of one's own work without acknowledging that one is doing so or without citing the original work. Students sometimes recycle papers from previous classes and try to pass them off as new original work. This is unethical and is academic fraud. Put another way, in academic fields, self-plagiarism occurs when an author reuses portions of his own work in subsequent papers, but without attributing the previous work. The core of the new work must construe an original contribution to knowledge and only the amount of the previous material needed to understand the new contribution should be included. In these cases, the student should cite their previous work.
How can a student cite a student's previous paper in a current journal or research paper? Use the author-date method of citation. For example: Many students find that writing in the APA style is difficult (Davidson, 2012). The paper must also be listed on the References page:
Davidson, T. N. (2012). Why must we write in the APA? Unpublished manuscript.
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of work. Unpublished manuscript.